Common Oils Used in Cold Process Soap Making
Extracted from apricot kernel. Rich in minerals and vitamins.
Obtained from the dried kernels of the almond tree. An excellent emollient, known to soften, soothe and condition the skin. Saponifies easily and produces a mild soap with a nice lather.
Emollient. High in Vitamins A, E and E, proteins, carbohydrates, amino acids, chlorophyll, glycerides and many fatty acids. Contains high percentage of unsaponifiables and should be used in small quantities or added just before pouring into molds. Excellent for use in sensitive skin soap.
A good quality base oil - low in saturated fats. Should be combined with a higher saturated oil to achieve a harder bar of soap (ie. palm, coconut).
Expressed from the beans of the castor oil plant. Soothing to skin. Too much castor oil in soap formula will result in a soft, transparent soap.
A solid fat expressed from the roasted seeds of the cocoa plant. Highly saturated producing a harder bar of soap. It may have a strong odour and may interfere with the fragrancing. Makes a wonderful emollient bar of soap if not allergic to the cocoa bean.
White, semi-solid, highly saturated oil expressed from the kernels of the coconut. A gift to soapmakers as it replaces tallow for vegetable based soaps. Resists rancidity and makes a very hard bar of soap. Its low molecular structure allows for high solubility and fluffy lather. A percentage of approximately 30 - 40% is moisturizing - too much may be drying. Soap made from 100% coconut oil makes an excellent household cleaner but is not recommended for skincare.
A natural liquid wax from the kernels of an evergreen desert plant. Its chemical composition closely resembles our skin sebum. The waxy structure and antibacterial qualities give it a long shelf life.
Excellent addition to any soap recipe. High in unsaponifiables which slows the trace. Use only pure olive or pomace grade olive oil (golden colour).
Produces a small, slow lather and can cause drying effect on the skin if used in large quantity in a soap recipe. Produces a nice hard bar when combined with coconut and olive oils. Helps speed trace time.
Palm Kernal Oil**
From African Palm Nut. High suds, cleaning agent for soapmaking. Check the saponification factor. It is slightly different than Palm.
** Base oils most commonly used.
Common Oils for Soap Making